Photovoltaics

Photovoltaic energy (PV) is one of the most important renewable energy sources in terms of global installed capacity. Although the majority of all new PV systems are based on crystalline silicon technology, novel technologies are being explored based on nanomaterials and organic cells which could give rise to breakthroughs in terms of efficiency. There is a wide range of options to convert sun into electricity such as Fresnel modules that use optical elements to increase the amount of sunlight onto a PV cell. Concentrating PV modules/arrays track the sun and use concentrating devices to reflect direct sunlight onto the solar cell to produce electricity directly. The main challenges for PV technology are to further improve solar cell efficiency while lowering production costs. Advances in efficiency, reliability and reproducibility require a better understanding of material properties and fabrication processes. Photovoltaic applications can be combined with practically any electrically powered load and controlled efficiently in a smart grid. They can be found in an industrial context, in new building construction and refurbishment projects. 

List of projects where this technology is being implemented.

SMARTER TOGETHER

The European lighthouse cities Vienna (Austria), Munich (Germany) and Lyon (France), the follower cities Santiago de Compostela (Spain), Sofia (Bulgaria) and Venice (Italy), the observer cities Kiev (Ukraine) and Yokohama (Japan) come together to improve citizens’ quality of life. SMARTER TOGETHER...

NEXT-BUILDINGS

The NEXT-Buildings project focuses of low energy buildings also called active houses, which are not only buildings, but active components in the overall integrated energy systems. The target is to demonstrate affordable solutions for social housing and revitalisation of town areas. The solutions...

NEED4B

NEED4B is a collaborative project that will demonstrate cost-effective and energy efficient technologies and methods for the design and construction of very low-energy new buildings. A series of pilots located in different European climates will show how to achieve a primary energy consumption...

GrowSmarter

GrowSmarter aims to stimulate city uptake of smart solutions by using the three Lighthouse cities Stockholm (Sweden), Cologne (Germany) and Barcelona (Spain) as a way to showcase 12 Smart City solutions: from advanced information and communication technology and better connected urban mobility, to...

DIRECTION

DIRECTION aimed at demonstrating how the use of very innovative and cost-effective energy efficiency technologies can lead to the achievement of very low energy new buildings. This aim along with the effective adoption of low energy buildings was achieved by switching to a model whereby energy...
List of demo sites where this technology is being implemented.

Smarter Together Site Lyon

Lyon’s demonstration area in the SMARTER TOGETHER project is  Lyon Confluence, one of the largest urban redevelopment projects in France (150 ha – 600 000 m² existing floor area – 1.000.000 m² of new buildings) and a place of many urban innovations. With SMARTER TOGETHER Lyon aims to: Increase the...

GrowSmarter Site Stockholm

Sweden’s capital city Stockholm has been working on climate change mitigation and adaption since the 1990s. The city is a real frontrunner, with well implemented climate action plans and pioneering policies to ensure it meets its ambitious environmental targets. The carbon dioxide emissions have...

NEXT-BUILDINGS Site Helsingborg

In Helsingborg there is a very ambitious climate action plan, where the city as a whole has already reduced its CO2 emission by about 88% compared with 1997 level and the share of fossil fuel is now less than 20%. The goal is to become totally CO2 neutral or even to export CO2 neutral energy to...

NEXT-BUILDINGS Site Amsterdam

Local policy of the city of Amsterdam is that all new developments should be carbon neutral by 2015. The Houthaven in Amsterdam West (‘Stadsdeel West’) is one of the pilot projects having already the objective to build carbon neutral and set the standard for cost effective carbon neutral...

NEXT-BUILDINGS Site Lyon

The goal of the demonstration project was to build a 12 000 m2 zero energy building in the Lyon-Confluence area in Lyon (France). After an international design competition, SPL Lyon-Confluence selected a group of real estate developers, Bouygues Immobilier and SLC associated with the Japanese...