Waste-to-energy

Waste-to-energy is the use of waste products for energy purposes. After the reduction, reuse and recycling of materials, non-recicable municipal solid waste can be reused to produce electricity or heat before the remaining waste is treated and disposed of. A common method of waste-to-energy is waste incineration in a complex system of combustion, heat transfer and exhaust gas filtering. Other energy recovery methods are pyrolysis, gasification, anaerobic digestion and landfill gas recovery. While large-scale waste incineration does not count as renewable energy, it comprises a significant part of the energy mix of several European countries such as Denmark and Sweden. Waste-to-energy is mainly a waste management option that reduces the volume of solid waste in landfills and offsets the need for the extraction of fossil energy carriers.

List of projects where this technology is being implemented.

SMARTER TOGETHER

The European lighthouse cities Vienna (Austria), Munich (Germany) and Lyon (France), the follower cities Santiago de Compostela (Spain), Sofia (Bulgaria) and Venice (Italy), the observer cities Kiev (Ukraine) and Yokohama (Japan) come together to improve citizens’ quality of life. SMARTER TOGETHER...

GrowSmarter

GrowSmarter aims to stimulate city uptake of smart solutions by using the three Lighthouse cities Stockholm (Sweden), Cologne (Germany) and Barcelona (Spain) as a way to showcase 12 Smart City solutions: from advanced information and communication technology and better connected urban mobility, to...

CELSIUS

To increase energy efficiency in EU, CELSIUS helps cities across Europe to develop secure, affordable and low carbon district heating and cooling solutions that form part of the city's wider energy system. The focus is on maximising the use of waste heat or secondary heat within a city by capturing...
List of demo sites where this technology is being implemented.

Smarter Together Site Munich

The Munich lighthouse demonstration area is located at the Western edge of the city and includes both the large urban redevelopment area Neuaubing-Westkreuz (350 ha / 30,000 residents) and the flagship new development area Freiham, set to become a model of low carbon development for up to 20,000...

CELSIUS Site Cologne

In order to create a district-wide energy network in Cologne, Active Network Management (ANM) integrates decentralised energy generation and district heating systems with the electricity distribution network. The objective of the ANM scheme is to inform the models that are used to assess if...

CELSIUS Site Gothenburg

In Gothenburg a large amount of waste heat, from both waste incineration and industries, is used in the district heating system. There is also heat pumps taking care of the heat in sewage and plants using bio fuels such as wood pellets, wood chips and bio oil. There is also a district cooling ...

GrowSmarter Site Stockholm

Sweden’s capital city Stockholm has been working on climate change mitigation and adaption since the 1990s. The city is a real frontrunner, with well implemented climate action plans and pioneering policies to ensure it meets its ambitious environmental targets. The carbon dioxide emissions have...