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E-buses & Charging Infrastructure

E-buses & Charging Infrastructure

Challenges/ Barriers facing


  • Maintenance and repairing not yet available at the same quality as with ICE (Internal Combustion Engine)
  • Size of feeder pillars for on street planning
  • Data availability & back office functioning
  • Under dimensioned network infrastructure
  • Reliability of the buses

Social & behavioural

  • Drivers’ trust in the system (mainly due to range fear)

Finance & business model

  • Price (about double of the normal price for diesel) and budget availability
  • No large production of vehicles (low availability and high price)
  • Not all kinds of vehicles available (>50seats, 18 seats, 12 seats)
  • Secure funding
  • Competition with bus fleet on 100% renewable fuel

Competences & risks

  • Uncertainty when it comes to charging location (integration of changing infrastructure in the urban context)

Regulatory & juridical

  • Charging issues within the framework of transport regulation orders


  • Electrification of other heavy duty vehicles also needed

Incentives/ Policy recommendations/ Suggestions/ Best Practices

Policy recommendations

  • Introduce clean air zones
  • Implement a congestion charge
  • Raise additional tax to finance initial costs
  • Promote active/sustainable transport over car use

User incentives

  • Electricity cost is lower than fuel cost
  • Generally citizens are welcoming sustainable transport

Best practices & suggestions

  • Try and scale up
  • Train your staff well
  • Provide real time information (dashboard) to operators and drivers
  • Demand bundling/aggregation in this area might have high impact (at the workshop table alone 400 buses will be ordered in the coming years)
  • Approaching suppliers with a large number of cities/buses to force needs based production and cost reduction
  • Provide best practice guide to show how to transform from combustion to electric as an operator
  • Design integrated monitoring framework that can capture overall technical / environmental / economical / social impact & effects
  • Use innovative technologies that can balance the different electrical phases to avoid overload
  • Use flexible approaches when designing charging stations to increase efficiency

Plan for Implementation (Next Steps)

  • Force a European approach on production (currently a lot of (cheaper) production comes from China with differing standards that might not fit with EU standards)
  • Once the vehicles are available this could be rolled out to other cities
  • Adjust infrastructure to open up many options for upscaling and widen adoption of EVs
  • Learn while going through the project
  • Identify how to show the qualitative advantages next to the quantitative advantages
  • Design and support partner cities in implementing a monitoring framework for the solutions and to identify innovative business models linked to the solution.
  • Roll-out an electric fleet representing 10% of all buses in the inner-city
  • All city buses to be electrified by 2022
  • Introduce an electric BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) system
Lesson identified at: