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District heating and cooling




List of projects where this technology is being implemented.

STORM

The STORM project tackles energy efficiency at district level by developing an innovative district heating & cooling (DHC) network controller. Based on self-learning algorithms, the developed controller will enable to maximize the use of waste heat and renewable energy sources in DHC networks.... Continue reading
Funding programme: H2020, EE 13 - 2014/2015: Technology for district heating and cooling
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Energy System Integration, ICT based solutions for district heating & cooling

SMARTER TOGETHER

The European lighthouse cities Vienna (Austria), Munich (Germany) and Lyon (France), the follower cities Santiago de Compostela (Spain), Sofia (Bulgaria) and Venice (Italy), the observer cities Kiev (Ukraine) and Yokohama (Japan) come together to improve citizens’ quality of life. SMARTER TOGETHER... Continue reading
Funding programme: H2020, SCC 1 - 2015: Smart Cities and Communities solutions integrating energy, transport, ICT sectors through lighthouse (large scale demonstration - first of the kind) projects
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Smart Cities and Communities, Integration of energy systems, ICT and transport in cities

SmartEnCity

Cities play a key role in fighting climate change. Energy demand and CO2 emissions are particularly high in urban areas. At the same time, urban density allows more alternatives for energy-efficient housing, eco-friendly transport and service provision. SmartEnCity’s vision is to create Smart Zero... Continue reading
Funding programme: H2020, SCC 1 - 2015: Smart Cities and Communities solutions integrating energy, transport, ICT sectors through lighthouse (large scale demonstration - first of the kind) projects
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Smart Cities and Communities, Integration of energy systems, ICT and transport in cities

REPLICATE

The REPLICATE project will generate smart city business models, and tailor-made solutions in the areas of energy, transport and ICT. There will be pilot actions in energy efficiency, efficient and sustainable transport and integrated infrastructures. The key to the project’s approach is in... Continue reading
Funding programme: H2020, SCC 1 - 2015: Smart Cities and Communities solutions integrating energy, transport, ICT sectors through lighthouse (large scale demonstration - first of the kind) projects
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Smart Cities and Communities, Integration of energy systems, ICT and transport in cities

OPTi

The OPTi project aspires to create a long-lasting impact by rethinking the way district heating and cooling (DHC) systems are architected and controlled. The overarching goal is to create business benefit for the industry as well as to ensure optimal end-consumer satisfaction. OPTi will deliver... Continue reading
Funding programme: H2020, EE 13 - 2014/2015: Technology for district heating and cooling
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Energy System Integration, ICT based solutions for district heating & cooling

FLEXYNETS

FLEXYNETS will develop, demonstrate and deploy a new generation of intelligent district heating and cooling (DHC) networks that reduce energy transportation losses by working at “neutral” (15-20°C) temperature levels. Reversible heat pumps will be used to exchange heat with the DHC network on the... Continue reading
Funding programme: H2020, EE 13 - 2014/2015: Technology for district heating and cooling
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Energy System Integration, ICT based solutions for district heating & cooling

PITAGORAS

The PITAGORAS project focuses on the efficient integration of city districts with industrial parks through smart thermal grids. Technologies and concepts for low and medium temperature waste heat recovery, considering as well integration with renewable energy sources (RES), and heat (and power)... Continue reading
Funding programme: FP7, 2- Large scale systems for urban area heating and/or cooling supply
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Energy System Integration, Large Scale Energy Systems – Heating & Cooling

SINFONIA

The SINFONIA project is a five-year initiative to deploy large-scale, integrated and scalable energy solutions in mid-sized European cities. At the heart of the initiative is a unique cooperation between the cities of Bolzano (Italy) and Innsbruck (Austria), working hand in hand to achieve 40% to... Continue reading
Funding programme: FP7, 4- Demonstration of optimised energy systems for high performance-energy districts.
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Sustainable energy solutions on district level, Optimisation of energy systems for high-efficiency districts

SCHOOL OF THE FUTURE

The aim of the School of the Future project was to design, demonstrate, evaluate and communicate shining examples of how to achieve the high performance building of the future. School buildings and their primary users - pupils - were the focus of the project. Both the energy and indoor environment... Continue reading
Funding programme: FP7, Topic EeB.ENERGY.2010.8.1-2: Demonstration of Energy Efficiency through Retrofitting of Buildings
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Renovation

REMOURBAN

REMOURBAN is a lighthouse project whose ultimate goal is to design and validate a urban regeneration model in the cities of Nottingham (United Kingdom), Valladolid (Spain) and Tepebasi/Eskisehir (Turkey), while maximizing its replication potential in two follower cities, Seraing (Belgium) and... Continue reading
Funding programme: H2020, SCC 1 - 2014 Smart Cities and Communities solutions integrating energy, transport, ICT sectors through lighthouse (large scale demonstration - first of the kind) projects
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Smart Cities and Communities, Integration of energy systems, ICT and transport in cities

READY

The READY project aims to demonstrate how the demand of energy and particularly the needs for fossil fuels and release of CO2 can be considerably reduced to nearly zero, and show a sustainable way to go for other European cities. Demonstration is taking place in two cities: Aarhus (Denmark), which... Continue reading
Funding programme: FP7, 4- Demonstration of optimised energy systems for high performance-energy districts.
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Sustainable energy solutions on district level, Optimisation of energy systems for high-efficiency districts

NEXT-BUILDINGS

The NEXT-Buildings project focuses on low energy buildings also called active houses, which are not only buildings, but active components in the overall integrated energy systems. The target is to demonstrate affordable solutions for social housing and revitalisation of town areas. The solutions... Continue reading
Funding programme: FP7, Topic EeB.ENERGY.2011.8.1-1: Demonstration of very low energy new buildings
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Energy Efficiency in Buildings, New Buildings

GrowSmarter

GrowSmarter aims to stimulate city uptake of smart solutions by using the three Lighthouse cities Stockholm (Sweden), Cologne (Germany) and Barcelona (Spain) as a way to showcase 12 Smart City solutions: from advanced information and communication technology and better connected urban mobility, to... Continue reading
Funding programme: H2020, SCC 1 - 2014 Smart Cities and Communities solutions integrating energy, transport, ICT sectors through lighthouse (large scale demonstration - first of the kind) projects
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Smart Cities and Communities, Integration of energy systems, ICT and transport in cities

EU-GUGLE

The EU-GUGLE project aims to demonstrate the feasibility of nearly-zero energy building renovation models in view of triggering large-scale, Europe-wide replication in smart cities and communities by 2020.  To reach this objective, the eight pilot cities will join efforts to combine the latest... Continue reading
Funding programme: FP7
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Sustainable energy solutions on district level, District Revitalisation

DIRECTION

DIRECTION aimed at demonstrating how the use of very innovative and cost-effective energy efficiency technologies can lead to the achievement of very low energy new buildings. This aim along with the effective adoption of low energy buildings was achieved by switching to a model whereby energy... Continue reading
Funding programme: FP7, Topic EeB.ENERGY.2011.8.1-1: Demonstration of very low energy new buildings
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Energy Efficiency in Buildings, New Buildings

CITyFiED

The CITyFiED project aims to develop a replicable, systemic and integrated strategy to adapt European cities and urban ecosystems into the smart city of the future, focusing on reducing the energy demand and GHG emissions and increasing the use of renewable energy sources by developing and... Continue reading
Funding programme: FP7, 4- Demonstration of optimised energy systems for high performance-energy districts.
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Sustainable energy solutions on district level, Optimisation of energy systems for high-efficiency districts

CITY-ZEN

CITY-ZEN aims to develop and demonstrate zero energy cities with a central role for citizens. The team of the project works together to achieve a future-proof grid, innovative heat and cold solutions and energy efficient buildings. Continue reading
Funding programme: FP7, 4- Demonstration of optimised energy systems for high performance-energy districts.
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Sustainable energy solutions on district level, Optimisation of energy systems for high-efficiency districts

CELSIUS

To increase energy efficiency in EU, CELSIUS helps cities across Europe to develop secure, affordable and low carbon district heating and cooling solutions that form part of the city's wider energy system. The focus is on maximising the use of waste heat or secondary heat within a city by capturing... Continue reading
Funding programme: FP7, 2- Large scale systems for urban area heating and/or cooling supply
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Energy System Integration, Large Scale Energy Systems – Heating & Cooling

BEEM-UP

BEEM-UP aimed to demonstrate the economic, social and technical feasibility of retrofitting initiatives, drastically reducing energy consumption in existing buildings, and paving the way towards massive market uptake. BEEM-UP involved building owners at three sites in France, Sweden and the... Continue reading
Funding programme: FP7, Topic EeB.ENERGY.2010.8.1-2: Demonstration of Energy Efficiency through Retrofitting of Buildings
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Renovation

SOLUTION

The SOLUTION project mobilised public/private resources to build showcases of energy self-sufficient communities in Austria, Croatia, Finland and Switzerland (together with an associated Slovenian community) with a strong potential for replication throughout Europe. SOLUTION was designed to respond... Continue reading
Funding programme: CONCERTO 3
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Sustainable energy solutions on district level, District Revitalisation

GEOCOM

The GEOCOM project was launched in 2010 with a vision to increase the visibility of direct heat applications of geothermal energy throughout Europe. This 11 million euro project, funded under the FP7, demonstrated a wide array of research and demonstration components to provide not only firsthand... Continue reading
Funding programme: CONCERTO 3
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Sustainable energy solutions on district level, District Revitalisation

ECO-Life

ECO-Life aimed to establish a replicable planning and implementation approach and to demonstrate innovative and integrated energy concepts in supply and demand side in municipalities in Lithuania, Belgium and Denmark to reach the goal of zero CO2. The local ECO-life projects were integrated in... Continue reading
Funding programme: CONCERTO 3
SCIS Clusters: Demonstration projects, Sustainable energy solutions on district level, District Revitalisation

District heating and cooling (DHC) is an integrative technology that can make significant contributions to reducing carbon dioxide emissions and air pollution while increasing energy security. A district heating network is a system that supplies the heat generated in a centralized plant to meet residential and commercial space and water heating requirements. A district heating scheme comprises a network of insulated pipes used to deliver heat, in the form of hot water or steam, from the point of generation to the end user.

District heating networks transport heat efficiently. Currently, they can be built in a distance of up to around 30 km from a generating plant and the distribution networks themselves can be hundreds of kilometres long. This is sufficient to distribute heat across cities, smaller communities and industrial areas. A network can easily be extended by simply adding more heat sources along the way. With respect to cooling, the DHC concept is implemented either through the distribution of chilled water or by using the district heating network to deliver heat for individual heat-driven chillers. DHC networks can distribute energy from various sources and integrate large scale storage while enabling the connection of several users, especially new buildings and refurbished buildings, with a decrease in the energy consumption of the district.