The Munich lighthouse demonstration area within the SMARTER TOGETHER project is located at the western edge of the city, and includes both the large urban redevelopment area Neuaubing-Westkreuz and the flagship new development area Freiham, set to become a model of low-carbon development for up to 20 000 new residents and 7 500 new jobs. With the aid of cutting-edge technology and the intelligent use of data, Munich’s objectives are to cut CO2 emissions by more than 20 %, raise the use of renewable energy to above 20 % and increase energy efficiency by more than 20 %.
Waste-to-energy is the use of waste products for energy purposes. After the reduction, reuse and recycling of materials, non-recicable municipal solid waste can be reused to produce electricity or heat before the remaining waste is treated and disposed of. A common method of waste-to-energy is waste incineration in a complex system of combustion, heat transfer and exhaust gas filtering. Other energy recovery methods are pyrolysis, gasification, anaerobic digestion and landfill gas recovery. While large-scale waste incineration does not count as renewable energy, it comprises a significant part of the energy mix of several European countries such as Denmark and Sweden. Waste-to-energy is mainly a waste management option that reduces the volume of solid waste in landfills and offsets the need for the extraction of fossil energy carriers.