Strategic urban planning (SUP) adopts an all-encompassing view of the city and the metropolitan dynamics. Its general objectives include clarifying which city model is desired and working towards that collective vision for the future by coordinating public and private efforts, involving citizens and stakeholders, channeling energy, adapting to new circumstances and improving the living conditions of the citizens affected.
Furthermore, strategic planning:
- provides a methodology which helps cities identify their strengths and weaknesses, while defining the main strategies for local development.
- brings additional dimensions to technical planning and helps prioritise to efficiently allocate resources
- offers the possibility of involving a wider range of partners, especially from the communities and the private sector
- improves communication and increases communities commitment.
Strategic planning differs from urban planning, and it complements other planning tools. Even where sectorial or spatial plans already exist, for example, for urban regeneration, strategic planning enhances their value by increasing the likelihood of the other objectives being met, by streamlining the planning process and making sure all objectives are complementary and do not clash or compete.
Strategic planning usually results in a planning product such as a City Development Strategy. City Development Strategies build on understanding and developing all aspects of the city, integrating technical, environmental, political, social and economic interests in the same territory