Planning for Energy Efficient Cities
By connecting scientific excellence and innovative enterprises in the energy sector with ambitious and well-organised cities, the PLEEC project aimed to reduce energy use in Europe, contributing to the EU´s 20-20-20 targets. The project followed a place-based approach to enforce endogenous urban development by considering local conditions in six cities: Eskilstuna (Sweden), Tartu (Estonia), Turku (Finland), Jyväskylä (Finland), Santiago de Compostela (Spain) and Stoke-on-Trent (United Kingdom).
By supporting a forward-looking and evidence-based strategic planning approach, cities have identified their strengths and potentials Based on the city profiles, technological, structural and behavioural energy efficiency solutions have been elaborated for each PLEEC city, demonstrating that urban energy efficiency should be seen in the transition to a fully sustainable urban energy system. The Energy Efficiency Action Plans developed by the cities have integrated the individually best matching solutions into a strategic approach, guiding the cities on their way to become energy smart.
By connecting scientific excellence and innovative enterprises in the energy sector with ambitious and well-organised cities, the PLEEC project aimed to reduce energy use in Europe contributing to the EU´s 20-20-20 targets. Through the run of the project, the project consortium developed individual Energy Efficiency Action Plans for the six PLEEC cities on how to improve their energy efficiency in a strategic and holistic way considering their technological, structural and behavioural capabilities. In order to make this knowledge accessible to further European cities a model for energy efficiency and sustainable urban planning has been developed.
Within the PLEEC framework, five key fields of urban development have been identified: green buildings and land use, mobility and transport, technical infrastructure, production and consumption, and energy supply. Based on this, each city created an individual Energy Efficiency Action Plan (EEAP) on how to improve their energy efficiency in a strategic and holistic way, considering their technological, structural and behavioural capabilities.
In order to make their knowledge available to other European cities, the project developed the PLEEC model for energy efficiency and sustainable urban planning, which is a guide for European city planners on how to successfully develop an EEAP. The PLEEC tool has gathered the experiences from all 18 partners of PLEEC in their efforts to study energy-efficiency planning in cities and to develop the EEAPs for the six partner cities. The EEAP is a document where goals and actions in energy efficiency are clearly stated. The EEAP is also a valuable tool for communications to stakeholders, who improve the chances of successful implementation of energy-efficiency measures. On what should we focus? What pitfalls should we avoid? How do we choose actions to reach our goal?