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Urban mobility

Urban Mobility


Organizational, structural and governance aspects

Political commitment .

City departments and public transport operators (city and regional level) commitment .

Legal aspects


Economic aspects

Cities must work with stakeholders, investing in small incentives that can be deal-breakers for behavioral change, such as shared vehicles and bicycles as well as charging infrastructure

Investors as i.e. EIB that is funding the charging infrastructure expansion in one city

National and local governments

Communication, co-creation and engagement aspects

Participatory engagement

Public commitment



Organizational, structural and governance aspects

The difficulty to attain a more balanced approach to public spaces, redesigning space from cars to bike parking and charging infrastructure

Lack of the time needed time to convince the stakeholders and break the silos ( including city departments or public transport operators)

The size of the cities can also be a barrier, too many partners offering a lot of options can increase operational complexities. In small cities, too few partners make the situation complicated due to the lack of options

Problems with accessibility in mobility stations

Lack of infrastructures in the city for the adoption of the E-mobility, i.e. fast charging infrastructure

Lack of regulations in new dock less bike sharing approaches

Legal aspects

Ownership of mobility stations and other

Fair distribution of space

Public financing can be guilty of prescribing too much, for instance when it comes to complex procurement procedures

Public transportation is often handled on a regional level, with limited control for cities by jurisdictional issues

Regulation and incentives are not mainstream in all European countries

Economic aspects

The lack of sustainable business models for logistics, mobility stations and even e-buses given the investment and operating costs

Market barriers and the failure on the supply side to scale up solutions and decrease the costs

No legal regulation for electrical energy reselling.(in Spain)

Lack of business models for private companies for publicly accessible charging infrastructure on their private premises

Communication, co-creation and engagement aspects

Social acceptance : citizens and drivers need to change their behavior, while retailers and inhabitants have to deal with effects


Insufficient choice of electric commercial vehicles available in the market

Lack of charging infrastructure on private grounds

E-bus related technology is perceived to be high risk, especially in relation to battery storage



Organizational, structural and governance aspects

To take into account and provide the time needed for the development of a global, integrated approach

Low cost land in city centers must be apportioned to sustainable last mile delivery organisations

Legal aspects

Improvement of public/private relationships through better governance

Economic aspects

Improvement of public/private relationships through the delivery of new business models

National and local incentives to support and accelerate the adoption of new approaches or installation of new infrastructure

Communication, co-creation and engagement aspects

Participatory approach when deciding things as space allocation in city centers for last mile organizations, charging points…

To innovate and to work in an ecosystem approach is what can give a push in a scarcity context

Cooperative relationships are necessary across sectors

Investment in good communication

No reinvent the wheel when something has already been developed in other cities, reuse it


Lesson identified at: